Illuminating 20 Years at Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery

As Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery celebrates 20 years, it’s time to reflect on humble beginnings in a tiny office space to its coming of age in a new home, Yarrila Arts & Museum (YAM), opening late 2022. Yarrila is the local Gumbaynggirr word for illuminate, brighten or illustrate.

 The list of people who made Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery a reality in 2001 is even longer than the timeline to get there, and the role it plays in enriching the community is complex. From inspiring audiences and supporting artists, to caring for collections and educating youth, at the gallery’s heart remains the drive to champion cultural development in the region. 

“Twenty years ago a group of passionate people working with the support of council helped establish the regional gallery, and since the beginning it’s staged exciting exhibitions and creative events that bring our community together,” says Acting Gallery Coordinator, Lisa Knowlson.

An existing office building, Rigby House, was acquired by council to house the new gallery and library on the ground floor. Initially the new Regional Gallery opened with just half of the current area, before expanding a year later into the full space you see today.

There to support the gallery over the years with events and fundraising, has been volunteer group, the Friends of Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery.

“It has become a special place for us all to connect with culture,” says Friends’ President, Heather McKinnon. “One of the most important achievements of the gallery over the years has been building the relationship with our Gumbaynggirr community. We’re proud to have played a part in the gallery’s progression, including sponsoring STILL and expanding the collection of still life art.”

The Friends have contributed works ranging from Archibald-winner Ben Quilty to convict artist William Beulow Gould c.1840, and this year will fund seven acquisitions from STILL including a work by Bidjara artist Michael Cook. The gallery’s signature art prize since 2017, STILL: National Still Life Award has built on the previous success of EMSLA, first established in 2007.

Over twenty years ago, Toni Southwell had returned to her hometown of Coffs Harbour with an arts’ degree and joined the effort to set-up the regional gallery.

“I was a youth representative on the working party when council sought input from artists, art groups, consultants and people across the community,” Toni says.

Opening with one paid position for a Gallery Director, Toni like many young people in the regions moved onto Sydney to secure work but is now back in the gallery as Programs Facilitator. She says a regional gallery bridges the gap for local artists who often struggle to find somewhere to exhibit.

“Over the years many local artists have had their work shown here and shared their stories or creative practice,” adds Toni, who is looking forward to the larger, purpose-built gallery at YAM.

One of the first exhibitions in 2001 was Our Place: Images of Coffs Harbour & Regions, which brought together works depicting the region by local artists and well-known names like Dunghutti artist, Robert Campbell Jnr. Two decades later, works by Gumbaynggirr artists will open YAM in a potential re-interpretation of this concept titled, Yaam Gumbaynggirr Jagun, here is Gumbaynggirr country.

Revisit 20 years of exhibitions and see the collection of Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery, on Coffs Collections at;

follow the story of the development of the Regional Gallery in our scrapbook of newspaper articles, on Coffs Collections at;

borrow the catalogues for the 20th year exhibitions from our libraries, to view the exhibitions again at your leisure; and

read other publications by and about the Gallery.

Lisa Knowlson, Gallery, Museum, and Public Art Coordinator (Acting)  Fire & Fly Media
Uncle Richard Widders and Heather McKinnon opening STILL 2021, Fire & Fly Media
20 years in 2021
Rigby House – And the trees photography
Our Place: Images of Coffs Harbour and Region October 2001  Coffs Harbour Regional Museum item 19.365


A balancing act

In the somewhat daunting queue of items awaiting our attention to be added to the Museum’s collection, we found a small set of interesting photos we had never seen before.

‘Key man’ statue, in Coffs Collections @

Unfortunately, the photos did not have any indication of who donated them or when. The Museum is often a ‘victim’ of what might be termed ‘a hit and run’. Items which seem to have historical relevance are left at the Museum door or the Library desk without contact information or details about why someone considered them to be important enough to leave with us. The queue grows longer while we try to establish the significance of items and spend extra time tracking their historical value.

Back view of the Key Man statue, shown in Coffs Collections at

Items without context,  dropped off or poorly scanned and emailed in, are less interesting all round. Should we spend the time investigating them, or only choose items for the collection which have all relevant information attached? How do we share the story around orphaned items with the community we serve?

Is Johno his real name ? Was he really Russian ? Undated article in Coffs Collections at

Fortunately, in the case of this small set of photographs, there were a couple of accompanying articles. Unfortunately, the sources and dates of some of those articles were cut off; another frequent act which slows down our research. Should we spend the time to find out more at the expense of other more deserving items?

Is his surname spelled correctly? Check in Coffs Collections at

Jonas Zilinskas was a Lithuanian-born acrobat who came to Australia as a Displaced Person after the end of World War II. In the early 1950s, he performed in Wirths’ Circus, gripping a metal bar inside his mouth for a trapezist to swing from. During a performance the trapezist moved the wrong way,  pulling the bar and several teeth from Zilinskas’ mouth. They both took a career break.

His second job was in the Newfoundland State Forest [Yuraygir National Park] as a sleeper cutter. He  lived and worked in this forest with one colleague, both dressed only in hat and boots. He invented a swingcut saw for them to use together. Before his departure two years later, Zilinskas constructed a sculpture of himself with materials to hand including keys, beer bottles, timber and concrete.

Zilinskas was able to resume his celebrated circus career with Ashton’s and other circuses.

Jonas Zilinskas was included in a 2007 series of Australia Post stamps celebrating circus performers. His story is told in Coffs Collections at

We don’t know exactly when the photographs of Jonas’ sculpture were taken, or who the photographer was, but the story they represented was extraordinary. Zilinskas made an impact. His contribution to our community and the broader Australian story was indeed noteworthy.

In the absence of complete supporting information being provided by potential museum donors, we do our best, within limited timeframes, to establish the importance of any item.  Meanwhile, the queue of unidentified items grows longer. One day, we will be able to find the right home for each of them. It’s a temporal balancing act.

When two cultures meet

From desperation comes inspiration, often manifested 10-fold when two people share ideas. When Tony La Spina met Grace Roberts, a new creative industry was born.

Grace Roberts, c. 1981. Photographer John Rotar. mus07-1365. From the collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum and Coffs Collections.

Grace Roberts was a respected Bundjalung Elder. She was persistent in pursuing opportunities for children in Coffs Harbour. In 1963, she attended a meeting of the local Aboriginal Welfare committee. [1]

Also at the meeting was a new schoolteacher to the town, who had an interest in Aboriginal Affairs. His teaching subject was art. He suggested they try some screen printing, just basic designs and perhaps get a cottage industry going. This idea appealed to Grace greatly.

With her enthusiasm and the support of other women at the mission the craft work got under way.

Pottery was introduced and eventually even the children were encouraged to make small clay motifs called Mooks Mooks. These were an abstract design on a small pottery disc threaded onto a leather thong. They were neatly mounted on cardboard with a printed legend of the Mook Mook. It was to become a viable enterprise, making a small profit.

Tony La Spina with self-portrait. Coffs Coast Advocate, 18 February 1998, p.1

Art teacher Anthony La Spina had moved to Coffs Harbour in 1962. [2]

Along with raising a family of four with wife, Rae, a move to Coffs Harbour, NSW in 1962 saw Tony teaching art with TAFE (which he was to continue for the next 28 years) as well as teaching art at the Jetty High School and Orara High School – during which time he was seconded to the University of NSW for 3 years to work within the Aboriginal community establishing the Playgroup movement for children.

One of the children who created Mooks Mooks still does so today. He is local artist Tony Hart. He recalled making them and selling them for 20 cents each, a close match to their size. Their sale provided the children with much welcomed pocket money. This is a more recently created one.

Copyright Tony Hart

Each Mook Mook is unique, and when worn, is meant to discourage negative influences. It will join the work of  Tony La Spina in the Regional Gallery’s collection [3], a fitting symmetry.


[1] Grace Roberts Her Life Her Mystery Her Dreaming, Alice Becker, 1989, p.21

[2] Tony La Spina – Artwork – Julie Duell, 15 April 2008

[3] Abstract, Tony La Spina,


Happy 1st Birthday Coffs Collections !

One year ago, on 1 September 2020, Coffs Collections was launched.  It was the work of a two-year small-team project to prepare digital cultural infrastructure for digitising and sharing the cultural and historical collections of the Regional Museum, the Regional Gallery and the Library. One member of that team shared her view of the outcome:

We have never had all our records or images in one place before, and they’ve never all been publically available before. Coffs Collections has been a breath of fresh air in managing our content!

(On a personal note, it has also meant that I could find sustainable employment in my home town.) I’m so excited for our first birthday!

Nerida, Digital Cultural Collections Specialist

The new service is already starting to make an impact, on Council colleagues and the wider community. Local ABC Radio has created snippets of the interviews to replay each week. Donations, including one recently made by videographer Graham Bell, and research such as an exploration of the Glynn’s cordial factory have been inspired by the easy availability of our local history.

I use Coffs Collections to get a sense of how the environment has changed over time – i.e. have fish stocks (quantity and size) changed, what did specific places look like in the past etc. We then incorporate this information into the tours that we guide.

Elisabeth, Sustainable Living Programs Officer

The interest in preserving Coffs’ identity over time started in 1952, when members of the Country Womens’ Association decided to record information and gather artefacts about the town’s and district’s history.  Their enthusiasm, combined with that of educators such as George England (high school teacher), resulted in the development of an historical society for the region in 1955. [Coffs Harbour Vol II : 1946 – 1964, Yeates, 1993, p.167]

Mr England was keen to capture the area’s earliest history too. Another educator, Neil Yeates (university lecturer), subsequently documented the histories of Coffs Harbour and Woolgoolga in three volumes. Much of the raw materials they used and the information they captured are stored in or linked to by Coffs Collections. This service is an expression of our gratitude for their work.

In the years leading up to 2001, and with the support of ambassadors the Banana Twins, the region’s artistic endeavours were drawn to a dedicated facility. As a result, the Coffs Harbour Regional Gallery is celebrating its 20th birthday this year. All of the exhibitions held by the Gallery are available for viewing as a timeline in Coffs Collections.

photography: Jay Black

The first Coffs Harbour City Council digitisation project curated the photographic collection of the Regional Museum, and culminated in the Picture Coffs Harbour service in 2008.  It was switched off and integrated into the new service last year.

The community is fortunate to have this very accessible platform – a foundation for the discovery of our identity – which we continue to build on.

Debbie, Local Studies & Digitisation Librarian

When Create NSW funded the project to build Coffs Collections, no one had  foreshadowed the impending pandemic lockdowns.  The grant opportunity became even more significant, and resulted in a rare example of a merged regional gallery and museum service envied by many other cultural agencies.

Capturing local stories in this single convenient web location will soon be reflected in the co-location of the three cultural facilities – Library, Gallery and Museum – at one physical destination in 2022. We look forward to a shared future.

Coffs Collections makes researching our collections so much easier and more pleasurable. There is so much rich material to be explored and real gems to be found. Prepare to be taken by surprise as your view of Coffs’ history is upended!

Jo, Gallery & Museum Curator

freely available at

Dr Speece – medical man of mystery – part 3

Dr Will Speece was a much-travelled and well-read man. His contributions to newspapers wherever he went show a person with an insatiable curiosity for life, commenting on many different subjects of interest.

He appears to have travelled to Adelaide in 1890:

INTERCOLONIAL RAILWAY PASSENGER TRAFFIC. (1890, May 9). Evening Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1869 – 1912), p. 3 (SECOND EDITION).

He completed a year’s work in Cobar in March 1893:

Cobar. (1893, March 18). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 – 1919), p. 16.

Dr Speece returned from the United States in 1894:

ARRIVAL OF R.M.S. ALAMEDA AT AUCKLAND. (1894, December 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), p. 5.

A lot of the travel required transfers through Sydney, but it is not clear where Sidney Herbert bumped up against Will Speece. Perhaps Herbert chanced on a newspaper which mentioned his name? A first hint of misdemeanour by Herbert occurred in 1891:

Advertising (1891, March 6). The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (NSW : 1863 – 1947), p.3

It did not take long for this activity to come to the attention of the police – a notice was issued for the arrest of Herbert on 15 April 1891, and he was arrested 10 days later. The subsequent four years of his hard labour broke the link.

Dr Speece was always in the spotlight in his final town of residence. An article appeared in The Coffs Harbour Advocate on 6 May 1970:

Being very short-sighted, he had great difficulty in finding his way at night and was forced to rely upon his horse’s sense of direction. On being presented with one of the newly introduced electric torches he fixed it to his horse’s head, explaining that the light was no damned good to him but the horse might make use of it.

On teh closure of the mines and the departure of most of the miners, Dr Speece remained at his home “The Fortress”, as he considered that it was the most central position in the district which he served.

(part of a reminiscence related by Mr W. Buchanan of Karangi in his address to a meeting of the Historical Society.)

A sojourn in Coffs of short duration, but with a big impact on the life of this town.

Dr Speece – medical man of mystery – part 2

As noted in our last post, Dr William Comely Speece was the first doctor to settle in the local area. The first resident General Practitioner was Dr Robert Kane, appointed in the same year as Will Speece died – 1907.

Will Speece had been in the district for only nine years. He came to Australia in December 1885 as an unassisted saloon passenger on the Zealandia.

Australia, Inward, Outward & Coastal Passenger Lists 1826-1972 Image [courtesy Find My Past]
He immediately sought to be legally registered in New South Wales:

GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. (1886, January 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), p. 9.

Not long after, Dr Speece attracted an imposter: Sidney Herbert a.k.a. Herbert Saunders, a.k.a. Lardner, a.k.a. Dr Spence. The names Lardner and Spence may possibly be a journalist’s misprint.  Which was his real name? The only one we know with any certainty was that he was not William Speece.

He was arrested as Herbert Saunders, and was known to police:

CENTRAL POLICE COURT. (1878, May 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), p. 8.
Miscellaneous Information. (1878, May 8). New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 – 1930), p. 170.
Penrith. (1878, May 11). The Cumberland Mercury (Parramatta, NSW : 1875 – 1895), p. 3.

Before he had even crossed paths with Dr Speece, this person did four years of hard labour on a road gang.

RETURN OF PRISONERS DISCHARGED FREE since last publication. (1883, April 25). New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 – 1930), p. 167.

Interestingly, his release information mentions that he had travelled on the Zealandia – the same ship on which Dr Speece migrated, although in a different year. This postal service ship first arrived in Australia in 1876 from England. Its passage was acknowledged as notable for the shortened time travel:

THE PACIFIC MAIL FLEET IN HARBOUR. (1876, March 3). Illustrated Sydney News & New South Wales Agriculturalist & Grazier (NSW : 1872 – 1881), p. 3. PACIFIC MAIL FLEET IN HARBOUR. (1876, March 3). Illustrated Sydney News and New South Wales Agriculturalist and Grazier (NSW : 1872 – 1881), p. 13.

Was Sidney Herbert a passenger? He is not an obvious inclusion here, although he may have travelled in third class (steerage).

ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP ZEALANDIA. (1876, February 5). Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 – 1954), p. 5.

Note that the other possible names, such as Herbert Saunders and George Gardener, also did not appear.

Was he a doctor? As his most prevalent crime was “False Pretences”, it is highly unlikely that he was a registered medical practitioner. But by 1891, he had become Dr William Speece:

Offences not otherwise described. (1891, April 15). New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 – 1930), p. 134.

to be continued…

Dr Speece – medical man of mystery – part 1

The Coffs Harbour Regional Museum recently received a treasure in the form of a letter written by Dr Will C. Speece at the turn of the 20th century. The letter was compiled on a typewriter, but that did not hide the tone of the writing: “I warn you that the doctor’s instruction’s [sic] to the crowd in search of grati-fied curiosity is_go to hell or go home_ and you see that you do as I say.

Letter from Dr W Speece to Mr Buchanan family, early 1900s. Coffs Harbour Regional Museum M2021.48.1 [A transcript is available for reading at] The patient in question was a child of the Buchanan family at Karangi.
Will Comely Speece was an American surgeon with a degree from Starling Medical College in Columbus, Ohio, his home state. He graduated in 1883. [1]

He migrated to Australia in 1885 on the Zealandia, practising first in Queensland as a medical insurance agent. He came to this region in 1898 as a doctor for the Bucca Mines, but as he was the only one in town with medical expertise, he also cared for the local population.

Dr Will Speece stands outside his home at Coramba. Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, mus07-4011,

Dr Speece was also an avid writer of Letters to the Editor. He started soon after arrival in Australia; sending epistles to several newspapers and The Bulletin on topics unrelated to medical matters:

ASIATIC CARRIERS. (1893, November 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954), p. 7.

Some commentary is no longer appropriate, but he did want the best for his fellow man.

Published after his death, The Bulletin, 28 November 1907, p.11 at

Dr Speece died on 10 October 1907, at the relatively early age of 45, after a short bout of pneumonia. His death certificate indicates that he was buried in the Coffs Harbour (Historic) Cemetery, but there is no record of his gravesite. [Source: NSW BDM 12829/1907.]

While investigating the life of Dr Speece, it became apparent that there were two men with the same name and title. After a series of crimes in the late 1870s, Sidney Herbert started using the name in 1891.

Where did their paths cross?

Why did Speece choose this area to settle in?

To be continued…


[1] California, U.S. Occupational Licences, Registers, and Directories, 1876-1969; Annual Physician Directory, 1896


The Coffs Harbour Regional Museum expresses its gratitude to the Coffs Harbour District Family History Society for passing this treasure into its care, for all to read.

An ode to the tragedy of the Jetty Road

Ocean Street from the Hill, early 1900s. In Coffs Collections.

It is not a new phenomenon for a shire council to receive complaints about the condition of local roads. But it is uncommon for the situation to inspire poetry.

In April 1918, an intrepid Minister for Local Government made a journey to several towns on the North Coast. His itinerary was carefully detailed in the newspaper of the day:

Partial itinerary for J D Fitzgerald’s visit to the North Coast  – MINISTER’S TOUR. (1918, March 22). Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1915 – 1954), p. 2.

The unusual part of this itinerary was the mention of a particular street in a particular town: the Jetty Road in Coffs Harbour. It was heavily used as the main thoroughfare for all traffic to and from the Jetty.

COFF’S JETTY ROAD. (1917, November 21). Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1915 – 1954), p. 2.

A few years before the Ministerial visit, there was some competition for road space and the concern about the condition of the road continued. So the opportunity to highlight the issue was eagerly grasped by the newspapers of the day, in both longform and poetry.

A bullock team at the Pier Hotel with Bob and Jack Wake, Alex Crombie and baby Vic Crombie sitting on the lead bullock, c. 1914 . Coffs Collections.
Transcript of the following article
FitzGerald’s Finale. (1918, April 20). Coffs Harbour Advocate (NSW : 1907 – 1942; 1946 – 1954), p. 2.

Fitzgerald remained as Minister, and the state of the Jetty Road remained for some years.

COFF’S-JETTY ROAD. (1919, April 22). Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1915 – 1954), p. 5.
 Pier Hotel on Ocean Street, June 1924. In Coffs Collections.





ANZAC lace

OUR HERO WE’RE PROUD OF HIM ANZAC 1915    Coffs Harbour Regional Museum collection,, 97.1167

Patriotism takes many forms – restoration and placement of the artefacts of war across Australia, monuments and memorials to the sacrificed, poetry and music filled with bravado, and special days for remembering.

AUSTRALIA DAY FUND. (1915, August 11). The Muswellbrook Chronicle (NSW : 1898 – 1955), p.2.

The most gentle form of patriotic fervour must be lace-making, a skill adapted to show support and raise funds for soldiers at war.

This activity took place during both World Wars, but spread nationally during World War I.

The making of these delicate pieces was inspired by the context of the lives of their makers; for those in the collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, it was the Australian and New Zealand Army Corp. The recent discovery of four fine crocheted shapes required further investigation.

ADVANCE AUSTRALIA  Coffs Harbour Regional Museum collection, M2021.2.2

As The Maitland Daily Mercury explained in November 1915:

Mrs. L. A. Cavalier wrote asking the [School of Arts] committee's acceptance for placing on view in the library two samples of crochet work executed by her from designs taken from publications in the reading room. The designs are artistic and unique, and represent a large amount of labour and patience. One represents the "British Lion,", and the other gives the words "Dardanelles 1915, Our Heroes," with a warship in the centre. Mrs. Cavalier's object in undertaking the work was to arouse interest among other lady members, who might be able to improve on the designs, and so foster a work which might be a means of raising some small amounts to help the patriotic funds. Mrs. Cavalier was very heartily thanked for her thoughtfulness and her request acceded to.
SCHOOL OF ARTS. (1915, November 26). The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW : 1894 - 1939), p. 3.

What were those publications? Libraries provided free access to both newspapers and journals for those who couldn’t afford to subscribe. 

(1915, October 23). Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 – 1954), p.11.

Known as patriotic lace or filet crochet, instructions for creating doilies were provided in a range of publications.

This example shows how to crotchet naval flags and an anchor;










AN OFFER TO SEWING EXPERTS. (1915, October 29). The Southern Argus and Wagin-Arthur Express (Perth, WA : 1905 – 1924), p.6.
PATRIOTIC LACE (1915, November 6). Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 – 1954), p. 11.

and how to make your lace battleship.





DARDANELLES 1915 OUR HEROES  Collection of Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, M2021.2.1

The Australian War Memorial provides further explanation and shows examples of the variations which could be made by skilled artisans:

‘Our Hero We’re Proud of Him’ : Patriotic Crochet in the First World War   Dianne Rutherford  March 2011.

These ideas in turn were inspired by Australian Mary Card, a crotchet pattern designer who shared her designs internationally:

Sally O’Neill, ‘Card, Mary (1861–1940)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1979. This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (MUP), 1979

There is still more context to discover. Two of the samples in the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum’s collection were made in Woolgoolga, but this beautiful cheese cloth has little provenance.

CROCHET DOILY FOR CHEESE DISH  Collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum  08.417

A gentle acknowledgement of support for the ANZACs, surviving for more than 100 years, was a beautiful unexpected discovery in our eclectic collection.

More examples of filet crotchet are viewable at:

A STORK ON FILET CROCHET (1915, February 13). Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 – 1954), p. 11.

THE HOME. (1915, October 16). Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 – 1918, 1935), p. 51 (WEEKLY).

Novel up-to-the-minute design in crochet (1942, July 18). The Australian Women’s Weekly (1933 – 1982), p. 29.

Quenching your thirst

Glynn’s cordial bottle, Collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, 13.841

Cordial was one of the treats inspiring early businesses to develop in Coffs Harbour. Cordials manufacturing was usually developed to disguise the poor taste and quality of water. [1]  To quench the thirst of the local community, the Glynn Brothers – John and William – had established a cordial factory near the Coffs Harbour jetty by 1912.

Advertising (1912, December 21). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 – 1915), p. 12.

State Archives and Records: NSW Registrar General, Deeds Registration Branch; NRS 12961, Registers of Firms under the Registration of Firms Act, 1902, 1903-1922. [2/8546] 28838 Glynn Brothers Coffs Harbour 1917
The business was formally registered on 17 July 1917. John assumed full responsibility for it in 1921. As it grew, the factory had to deal with some location issues:

SHIRE COUNCIL (1934, November 30). Coffs Harbour Advocate (NSW : 1907 – 1942; 1946 – 1954), p. 1.
SHIRE COUNCIL (1935, July 19). Coffs Harbour Advocate (NSW : 1907 – 1942; 1946 – 1954), p. 4.

John Glynn decided to rebuild in a new location; so a new construction plan was devised and the business moved to Collingwood Street.

Plan of factory for J. M. Glynn, Collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, 12.1467
The approximate location of the new factory, shown in image mus07-7778, from the collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum

The site prior to construction is shown in this land sale poster:

Coff’s Harbour land sale posters, 1935 and 1937. See Plan E, Block 14. Coffs Harbour Regional Museum collection item, 12.1701-1

The business continued into the late 1940s. Its artefacts live on in the collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum.

Glynn’s Jusfrute cordial boxes, Collection of the Coffs Harbour Regional Museum, 15.218
Metal sign on the wall of the “I scream for icecream” shop in Grafton. (Informal photograph)


Black kettle and full moon, Blainey, G., 2003


Coffs Harbour Regional Museum thanks Jim Munro for sharing his research into the history of the Glynn Brothers’ cordial factory.